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Template:Infobox Saxophone

The alto saxophone is a member of the saxophone family of woodwind instruments invented by Belgian instrument designer Adolphe Sax in 1841. It is smaller than the tenor but larger than the soprano, and is the type most used in classical compositions. The alto and tenor are the most common types of saxophone.

The alto saxophone is an E transposing instrument and reads the treble clef. A written C-natural sounds as the concert E a major sixth lower.

The range of the alto saxophone is from concert D3 (the D below middle C - see Scientific pitch notation) to concert A5 (or A5 on altos with a high F key). As with most types of saxophones, the standard written range is B3 to F6 (or F6).[1] Above that, the altissimo register begins at F and extends upwards. The saxophone's altissimo register is more difficult to control than that of other woodwinds and is usually only expected from advanced players.

Notable alto saxophonists include jazz musicians Charlie Parker, Kenny Garrett, Johnny Hodges, Art Pepper, Cannonball Adderley, Lee Konitz, Eric Dolphy, Sonny Stitt, David Sanborn, Ornette Coleman, Anthony Braxton, Phil Woods, Paul Desmond, Greg Osby, Jackie McLean, and John Zorn, and classical musicians Marcel Mule, Sigurd Raschèr, and Eugene Rousseau (for more see the Complete list of saxophonists). The alto saxophone is included in classical music more often than the tenor, and many concertos for alto exist. The alto is used commonly in concert, jazz, funk, blues, pop, marching bands, and rock music.

Some companies that currently produce saxophones are Buffet Crampon, KHS/Jupiter, Selmer, Yamaha, Leblanc/Vito, Keilwerth, and Yanagisawa. New alto saxophones range in price between US$200 for lower quality student models to over US$8000 for professional models.

In classical music Edit

It is sometimes used by French Composers — for example Georges Bizet features it in the Minuet from the second suite of music from L'Arlésienne.

It was asked for by Richard Strauss in his Sinfonia Domestica, where included in the music are parts for four saxophones including an alto saxophone in F.

Gallery of Alto SaxophonesEdit

ReferencesEdit

Template:Saxophone


cs:Altsaxofon de:Altsaxophon es:Saxofón alto fr:Saxophone alto fy:Altsaksofoan it:Sassofono contralto nl:Altsaxofoon no:Altsaksofon nn:Altsaksofon pl:Saksofon altowy pt:Saxofone alto sl:Altovski saksofon

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