James Emery (b. December 21, 1951, Youngstown, Ohio) is an American jazz guitarist. He grew up in Shaker Heights, Ohio. Emery played in the 1970s with Leroy Jenkins, Bobby Naughton and Anthony Braxton. He has been a member of the String Trio of New York, which he founded along with Billy Bang and John Lindberg, since 1977, and also played in the Human Art Ensemble at the end of the 1970s. In the 1980s he played with Thurman Barker and Wadada Leo Smith, and in the 1990s with Henry Threadgill, Marty Ehrlich, Chris Speed, Mark Feldman, Michael Formanek and Gerry Hemingway.