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Grant Green (June 6, 1935, St. Louis, Missouri – January 31, 1979, New York; some sources erroneously give his year of birth as 1931[1]) was a jazz guitarist and composer.

Recording prolifically and almost exclusively for Blue Note Records (as both leader and sideman) Green performed in the hard bop, soul jazz, bebop and Latin-tinged idioms throughout his career. Critics Michael Erlewine and Ron Wynn write, "A severely underrated player during his lifetime, Grant Green is one of the great unsung heroes of jazz guitar ... Green's playing is immediately recognizable -- perhaps more than any other guitarist."[2] Critic Dave Hunter described his sound as "lithe, loose, slightly bluesy and righteously groovy".[3] He often performed in an organ trio, a small group with an organ and drummer.

Apart from guitarist Charlie Christian, Green's primary influences were saxophonists, particularly Charlie Parker, and his approach was therefore almost exclusively linear rather than chordal. The simplicity and immediacy of Green's playing, which tended to avoid chromaticism, derived from his early work playing rhythm and blues and, although at his best he achieved a synthesis of this style with bop, he was essentially a blues guitarist and returned almost exclusively to this style in his later career.[4] Green used a Gibson ES-330, then a Gibson L7 with a Gibson McCarty pickguard/pick-up, an Epiphone Emperor (with the same pick-up) and finally had a custom built D'Aquisto. George Benson said he would turn all the bass and treble off the amp, and max the midrange. This way he could get his signature punchy, biting tone.

VideographyEdit

BiographyEdit

Green was born in St. Louis, Missouri. He first performed in a professional setting at the age of 12. His influences were Charlie Christian, Charlie Parker, Lester Young, and Jimmy Raney, he first played boogie-woogie before moving on to jazz. His first recordings in St. Louis were with tenor saxophonist Jimmy Forrest for the United label. The drummer in the band was Elvin Jones, later the powerhouse behind John Coltrane. Grant recorded with Elvin again in the early Sixties. Lou Donaldson discovered Grant playing in a bar in St. Louis. After touring together with Donaldson, Grant arrived in New York around 1959-60.

Lou Donaldson introduced Grant to Alfred Lion of Blue Note Records. Lion was so impressed with Grant that, rather than testing Grant as a sideman, as was the usual Blue Note practice, Lion arranged for him to record as a group leader first, although Green's initial recording session was only released in 2001, however, owing to a lack of confidence on Green's behalf. [2] [3]

Despite the shelving of his first session, Green's recording relationship with Blue Note was to last, with a few exceptions, throughout the Sixties. From 1961 to 1965, Grant made more appearances on Blue Note LPs, as leader or sideman, than anyone else. Grant's first issued album as a leader was Grant's First Stand. This was followed in the same year by Green Street and Grantstand. Grant was named best new star in the Down Beat critics' poll, in 1962. He often provided support to the other important musicians on Blue Note, including saxophonists Hank Mobley, Ike Quebec, Stanley Turrentine and organist Larry Young.

Sunday Mornin' , The Latin Bit and Feelin' the Spirit are all loose concept albums, each taking a musical theme or style: Gospel, Latin and spirituals respectively. Grant always carried off his more commercial dates with artistic success during this period. Idle Moments (1963), featuring Joe Henderson and Bobby Hutcherson, and Solid (1964), are thought of as two of Grant's best recordings.

Many of Grant's recordings were not released during his lifetime. These include McCoy Tyner and Elvin Jones (also part of the Solid group) performing on Matador (also recorded in 1964), and several albums with pianist Sonny Clark. In 1966 Grant left Blue Note and recorded for several other labels, including Verve. From 1967 to 1969 Grant was, for the most part, inactive due to personal problems and the effects of heroin addiction. In 1969 Grant returned with a new funk-influenced band. His recordings from this period include the commercially successful Green is Beautiful and the soundtrack to the film The Final Comedown.

Grant left Blue Note again in 1974 and the subsequent recordings he made with other labels divide opinion: some consider Green to have been the 'Father of Acid Jazz' (and his late recordings have been sampled by artists including US3, A Tribe Called Quest and Public Enemy[5]), whilst others have dismissed them (reissue producer Michael Cuscuna wrote in the sleeve notes for the album Matador that "During the 1970s [Green] made some pretty lame records").

Grant spent much of 1978 in hospital and, against the advice of doctors, went back on the road to earn some money. While in New York to play an engagement at George Benson's Breezin' Lounge, Grant collapsed in his car of a heart attack in New York City on January 31, 1979. He was buried in Greenwood Cemetery in his hometown of St. Louis, Missouri, and was survived by six children. Since Green's demise, his reputation has grown and many compilations of both his earlier (post-bop/straight ahead and soul jazz) and later (funkier/dancefloor jazz) periods, exist.

DiscographyEdit

As leaderEdit

Blue Note Records
Release date Title
1961 First Session
1961 Grant's First Stand
1961 Green Street
1961 Sunday Mornin'
1961 Grantstand
1961 Remembering
1961 Gooden's Corner
1962 Nigeria
1962 Oleo
1962 Born to Be Blue
1962 The Latin Bit
1962 Goin' West
1962 Feelin' the Spirit
1963 Blues for Lou
1963 Am I Blue
1963 Idle Moments
1964 Matador
1964 Solid
1964 Talkin' About!
1964 Street of Dreams
1965 I Want to Hold Your Hand
1969 Carryin' On
1970 Green Is Beautiful
1970 Alive!
1971 Live at Club Mozambique
1971 Visions
1971 Shades of Green
1971 The Final Comedown
1972 Live at The Lighthouse
Other labels
Release date Title Label Notes
1961 Reaching Out Black Lion Records[6] Original release: Dave Bailey Quintet -Reaching Out (Jazztime JT-003). Later reissued by Grant Green as leader. Green Blues (Muse Records-MR 5014) 1973 & later as Reaching Out (Black Lion Records-BLCD760129) 1989.
1965 His Majesty King Funk Verve
1967 Iron City Cobblestone
1976 The Main Attraction Kudu
1978 Easy Versatile

As sidemanEdit

1959

  • Jimmy Forrest - All the Gin Is Gone (Delmark)
  • Jimmy Forrest - Black Forrest (Delmark)

1960

1961

1962

1963

1964

1965

1966

1969

1970

1973

  • Houston Person - The Real Thing (Eastbound)

ReferencesEdit

  1. Sharony Andrews Green, Grant Green: Rediscovering the Forgotten Genius of Jazz Guitar, Backbeat Books, 1999, p.8.
  2. Erlewine, Michael and Ron Wynn, "Grant Green" from Allmusic.com URL accessed January 26, 2007
  3. [1]
  4. Andrew Waggoner, New Grove Dictionary of Jazz ISBN 0-333-63231-1
  5. www.whosampled.com
  6. Review

External linksEdit


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